The Importance of Primary Education System in Pakistan

 Definition of primary education

Primary education has been defined as that, this is the first stage of free and compulsory education in Pakistan. It has five grades of formal education for children of 5 to 9 years of age.

An Overview of Education System of Pakistan

Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. The constitution of Islamic republic of Pakistan says

“The state of Pakistan shall remove illiteracy and provide compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period”

Education in Pakistan is overseen by the Federal Ministry of education and the provincial governments. Whereas the Federal government mostly assists in curriculum development, accreditation and in the financing of research and development. Article 25-A of the constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years.

“The state shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years I such a manner as may be determined by law”

The education system in Pakistan is divided into six levels

  •         Preschool (for the age from 3 to 5 years)
  •         Primary (grades one through five)
  •         Middle (grades six to eight)
  •         High (grades nine and ten, leading to the secondary school certificate or ssc)
  •         Intermediate (grades eleven and twelve, leading to a Higher secondary school certificate or HSSC)
  •         University (programs leading to undergraduate and graduate degrees)

Pakistan is having the worst education system in the world. “QS” a British Ranking Agency Declared Pakistani education system as worst as per 2016 survey. Out of 50 countries in the survey, Pakistan stood on the last of it with 9.2/100 marks.

India was 24th/50 with 60.9/100 marks, better than Russia, Turkey, Norway.

“The foundation of every state is the foundation of its youth”.

(Diogenes Laertius)

Reasons of the worst Education system of Pakistan


  1.     TEACHERS


  •         Poor check and balance

Unfortunately, it is said that the one reason of worst education system in Pakistan is teachers. Teachers get balance and then, they pass the students and they don’t check papers correctly.

  •         Allow cheating for several reasons   


Teachers did not perform their duty during the exam in a better way. Due to this reason students complete their paper with the help of cheating.


  •         Easy to pass paper


By neglecting the teacher’s duty during examination children make their concept that they can easily pass by cheating. This is very dangerous for the development of the education system in Pakistan.



From Nurseries to Universities students defend upon Ratta. We are trained for ratta by the teachers, parents’ environment and so, the education system.


  1.     Outdated course/books
  2.     Sometimes useless content taught
  3.     Sometimes teachers don’t have satisfying answers to student’s Questions.
  4.     Students are bound to syllabus.
  5.     Promotion of Tuition/Academy culture develops the negative attitude of both; teachers & students.
  6.     High Marks for admission in higher educations; results in producing the bookworms with dull minds.
  7.     No new Innovations, Research, inventions are being carried out in our Universities. We study, discuss and praise the achievements of others but don’t carry out ourselves.

How to improve the education system of Pakistan?


  1.     Motivate students to do Research and innovation practically.
  2.     Instead of copying students must do the assignments themselves.
  3.     Must focus on practical work.
  4.     Bring in the new syllabus.
  5.     Replace the useless course by Useful course.
  6.     Transparent selection of teachers & staff who can give good learning & motivation.
  7.     Proper counselling of students.
  8.     Help them to shape a positive attitude towards effective and skillful learning instead of the RATTA system.


Primary education

Primary education has been defined as that, this is the first stage of free and compulsory education in Pakistan. It has five grades of formal education for children of 5 to 9 years of age.

Development and progress of a country depends on primary education. Primary education is considered the lifeline of a society. Primary education plays a great role in our society. The aim of primary education is revolving around to this concept that “every child has a right to good education”

It is easy to conclude that primary education is very important for every child to get more confidence and primary education is the main root of every education. On national and international level primary education is accepted as a right of every one. On this stage children learn the basic knowledge, i.e. alphabets, numeric etc. And in some institutions, they teach children some Islamic points.

Facts and Figure of primary education system of Pakistan


According to various reports, the primary education facilities of Pakistan has 150,129. In which 131,376(mean that 88% present) are public, while 18,7,53 (12 percent) are running by the private sector. Some 5 million children are out of school at primary level. Pakistan is enrolled at the primary level of 18.751 million children.  The highest gender disparities in the world is Pakistan. In Pakistan 57 women are illiterate for every 100 men. Because of gender disparities among men and women. Aged 15 and above are illiterate of the country over 50 percent. The primary completion rate in Pakistan, given by DATE CENTER OF UNESCO, is 33.8% in females and 47.18% in males, which shows that people in the 6th largest country of the world are unable to get basic education.


Challenges/ problems to the Education System of Pakistan



The education system of Pakistan is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, Public and private sectors. This creates a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments.


Regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Balochistan (the largest province of Pakistan by area) are not much groomed as that of Punjab (the largest of Pakistan by population).

In FATA the literacy rate is just deplorable constituting 299.5% in males and 3% In females.


The ratio of gender discrimination is a cause which is projecting the primary school ratio of boys and girls 10:4 respectively. For the last few years there has been an increase in the growth of private schools. That not only harms the quality of education but creates a gap among haves and has not.


The teachers in the government schools are not well trained. People who do not get job in any other sector, try their luck in the education system. They are not professionally trained teachers so they are unable to train the nation.


 we discussed above.This problems became the deterrence for our children to get an earlier education.  Primary education is the most important education of the children. They  seek the important and basic knowledge of education. Those  knowledge on which to defend the whole education. But nowadays there are some problems with our primary education, which

To overcome the issue of education, there should be the same system for everyone. Allocation of funds should be made easy from provinces to districts and then to the educational institute. Also there should be proper training for all teachers, as education is the right of every man and woman.

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